1 Understanding Research
2 Choosing a Research Topic
3 Conducting Preliminary
Research （I）——Library Research
4 Conducting Preliminary
Research （Ⅱ）——Field Research
5 Writing a Research Proposal
6 Writing a Working Outline
7 Composing the Draft
8 Finalizing the Paper
9 Evaluating Sample Papers
What are the achievements from previous work? For example, significant discoveries, key concepts, arguments, and/or theories scholars have put forward.
Who are the key p/ayers in this field?
Which are the /andmark works’?
What are the research areas of the topic that have been explored?
The historical review as such enables students to identify the gaps and places to make a breakthrough and move to a current review:
Are there any gaps in the research? For example, are there areas that haven’t been looked at closely yet? Are there areas of controversy in the literature?
Are there any new ways of looking at the topic? In terms of methodology, are there any improved methodologies for researching this subject? From where can you take the departure?
Have there been deve/opments over time?
What is the trend now?
Finally, students arrive at the research context.
What are the current problems in your interested field?
Students will be better orientated it they spend some time on these questions.Students should be able to pinpoint their literature review only on what is relevant to their research question and research scope, which is detined by trend and current problems.And at the same time, students should be confident about the contribution their research will make to the particular field.
Once again, the teacher needs to tell students the quality of literature review comes from RELE-VANCE rather than COMPREHENSIVENESS: They only need to include literature that is directly related to the thesis or research question.
If the teacher has driven home the relevance of the literature review, then comes a more specific problem: How to help students organize the relevant literature? A good literature review is well structured from historical review to current review, and within each section the review can be organized chronologically or thematically.As has been indicated in the above, historical review groups related works together and discusses the historical developments, highlighting the aspects of previous research that a proposal is meant to address.Current review evaluates up-to-date